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CUCET M.A. ENGLISH, Entrance Exam 2016

CUCET M.A. English, Entrance Exam 2016


MA English,2016

Part- A

Q.1) Find out the word approximately opposite in meaning to the given word.


[1] pain

[2] bliss

[3] excitement

[4] fear

Answer: bliss

Q.2) Find out the one-word substitution for the given sentence.

A speech delivered without preparation.

[1] straight forward

[2] maiden

[3] verbose

[4] extempore

Answer: extempore

Q.3) Find out the phrase nearest in meaning to the given word.


[1] to make friendly

[2] to travel widely

[3] to make isolated

[4] to ban

Answer: to make isolated

Q.4) Give a substitute that best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase marked in bold letters in the given sentence.

The detective left no stone unturned to trace the culprit.

[1] took no pains

[2] did very irrelevant things

[3] did very irrelevant things

[4] used all available means

Answer: used all available means

Q.5) Complete the given sentence by choosing the right combination of the words mentioned as options.

It is useless to attempt to ……….. from every danger, some……..must be taken.

[1] escape, chances

[2] free, results

[3] protect, judgements

[4] dissociate, opportunities

Answer: escape, chances

Q.6) Fill in the blanks with suitable articles.

I saw………..snake in………grass.

[1] the, the

[2] the, a

[3] an, the

[4] a, the

Answer: a, the

Q.7) Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.

The moon rose………….. twelve o’clock ……….. the night.

[1] in, at

[2] at, to

[3] at, in

[4] to, in

Answer: at, in

Q.8)Fill in the blank with the appropriate word(s) to complete the following sentence.

There………….. any message from my teacher, since she moved to London.

[1] isn’t

[2] isn’t

[3] hasn’t been

[4] hasn’t been

Answer: hasn’t been

Q.9) Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb ‘slam’.

He ……….the door whenever he goes out of the room.

[1] slammed

[2] slams

[3] slam

[4] slamming

Answer: slammed

Q.10) Choose the correct one from the following sentences.

[1] The sooner a thing is done, the better it is.

[2] The sooner things is done, the better it is.

[3] The sooner things is done, better it is.

[4] The sooner a thing is done, a better it is.

Answer: The sooner things is done, better it is

Q.11) The Indian Institute of Remote Sensing is located at:

[1] Hyderabad

[2] Bengaluru

[3] Dehradun

[4] Ahmadabad

Answer: Dehradun – The Indian Institute of Remote Sensing is a premier institute for research, training in the field of Remote Sensing, and higher education, Geoinformatics and GPS Technology for Natural Resources, Environmental and Disaster Management under the Indian Department of Space. It was established in 1966. The Institute is located in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.

Q.12) World Cancer Day (WCD) is observed every year on:

[1] 4 February

[2] 5 February

[3] 2 February

[4] 3 February

Answer:4 February – The World Cancer Day (WCD) is observed every year on 4th of February to spread awareness about cancer, its treatment and to encourage methods of its prevention. The aim of the day is to save millions of preventable deaths each year through education, raising awareness and by pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action against the deadly disease. World Cancer Day originated in 2000 at the first

World Summit against Cancer, which was held in Paris. At this meeting, leaders of government agencies. and cancer organizations from around the world signed the Charter of Paris against Cancer, a document containing 10 articles that outlined a cooperative global commitment to improving the quality of life of cancer patients and to the continued investment in and advancement of cancer research, prevention, and treatment.

Q.13) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was established on:

[1] 1st April, 1935

[2] 21st April, 1943

[3] 1st April, 1940

[4] 15th August, 1947

Answer: 1st April, 1935 – The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The Central Office of the Reserve Bank was initially established in Kolkata but was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. The Central Office is where the Governor sits and where policies are formulated. Though originally privately owned, since nationalization in 1949, the Reserve Bank is fully owned by the Government of India.

Q.14) “NITI Aayog” stands for:

[1] National Institution for Transforming India Aayog

[2] National Institution for Transition India Aayog

[3] National Institution for Trade India Aayog

[4] National Information for Transforming India Aayog

Answer: National Institution for Transforming India Aayog – National Institution for Transforming India, better known as NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on 1 January, 2015.

NITI Aayog is the premier policy think tank of the Government of India, providing directional and policy inputs. Apart from designing strategic and long-term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre, States, and Union Territories. The Governing Council of NITI Aayog is chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister and comprises Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories with legislatures and Lt Governors of other Union Territories.

Q.15) First Chief Justice of India was:

[1] M. Patanjali Sastri

[2] Mehar Chand Mahajan

[3] Zakir Hussain

[4] Hiralal J. Kania

Answer: Hiralal J. Kania – H.J. Kania was the first Chief Justice of India. He served as the first Chief Justice of India from the year of 1950 to 1951. In the year 1951, he died while serving in the office. The Chief Justice of India and the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution.

Q.16) Who wrote the book ‘War and Peace’?

[1] Leo Tolstoy

[2] Mahatma Gandhi

[3] Charles Dickens

[4] Kipling

Answer: Leo Tolstoy – War and Peace is a literary work mixed with chapters on history and philosophy by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy. It was first published serially, then published in its entirety in 1869. It is regarded as one of Tolstoy’s finest literary achievements and remains an internationally praised classic of world literature.

The novel chronicles the French invasion of Russia and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society through the stories of five Russian aristocratic families. Portions of an earlier version, titled The Year 1805, were serialized in The Russian Messenger from 1865 to 1867 before the novel was published in its entirety in 1869.

Q.17) The symbol associated with Buddha’s renunciation is:

[1] Bull

[2] Horse

[3] Lotus

[4] Fish

Answer: Horse – The Great Life Events of Buddha are represented by a symbol. The events and their symbol are as follows:

Janma (Birth)-Symbols Lotus and Bull.
• Mahabhinishkramana (Renunciation)-Symbols is Horse.
• Nirvana/Sambodhi (Enlightenment)-Symbols is Bodhi tree.
• Dharmachakra pravartana (First Sermon)-Symbols is Wheel.
• Mahaparinirvana (Death)-Symbols is Stupa.

Q.18) “Yakshagana” is a folk dance-drama of:

[1] Maharashtra

[2] Karnataka

[3] Gujarat

[4] West Bengal

Answer: Karnataka – Yakshagana is a traditional folk-dance form popular in Coastal Karnataka districts.

It is a rare combination of dance, music, song, scholarly dialogues and colourful costumes. A celestial world unfolds before the audience, as loud singing and drumming form a backdrop to dancers clad in striking costumes. Hence the name Yaksha (celestial) Gana (music). This is a night-long event, with elaborately adorned performers dancing to the beat of drums in open-air theatres – usually in the village paddy fields after the winter crop has been harvested. Traditionally, men portray all roles, including the female ones, though women are now part of Yakshagana troupes. A typical troupe consists of 15 to 20 actors and a Bhagavatha, who is the master of ceremonies and the main storyteller. The performances draw crowds from far and wide, with a fair-ground atmosphere pervading the venue till dawn.

Q.19) Electrostatic Precipitator is used for the control of:

[1] Water Pollution

[2] Air Pollution

[3] Solid Waste

[4] Noise Pollution

Answer: Air Pollution – An electrostatic precipitator (ESP) is defined as a filtration device that is used to remove fine particles like smoke and fine dust from the flowing gas. It is the commonly used device for air pollution control. They are used in industries like steel plants, thermal energy plants.

In 1907, chemistry professor Frederick Gardner Cottrell patented the first electrostatic precipitator used to collect sulphuric acid mist and lead oxide fumes emitted from various acid-making and smelting activities.

Q.20) Which of the following city is not included in the list of recently announced first 20 cities to be developed as “Smart Cities”?

[1] Bhubaneshwar

[2] Jaipur

[3] Pune

[4] Varanasi

Answer: Varanasi

Q.21) Who has won the 2016 Australian Open men’s singles title?

[1] Andy Murray

[2] Stan Wawrinka

[3] Novak Djokovic

[4] Roger Federer

Answer: Novak Djokovic

Q.22) In a certain code language “ASKED” is written as “45211”. How will “EIGHT” be written in that code language?

[1] 59782

[2] 28795

[3] 72958

[4] 95728

Answer: 28795

Q.23) Arrange the words given below in a meaningful sequence.

[A] Nation

[B] Village

[C] City

[D] District

[E] State

The correct sequence is:
[1](B), (C), (D), (E), (A)
[2] (B), (C), (D), (A), (E)
[3] (A), (C), (E), (D), (B)
[4] (A), (B), (C), (D), (E)

Answer: (B), (C), (D), (E), (A)

Q.24) Five girls are sitting on a bench to be photographed. Seema is to the left of Rani and to the right of Bindu. Mary is to the right of Rani. Reeta is between Rani and Mary.
Who is sitting immediate right to Reeta?

[1] Bindu

[2] Rani

[3] Mary

[4] Seema

Answer: Mary

Q.25) Which of the following is not a storage drive?

[1] SSD

[2] SSHD

[3] HDD

[4] SHDD

Answer: SHDD

Part- B

Q.26) Who among the following is not an Irish writer?

[1] Oscar Wilde

[2] Oliver Goldsmith

[3] Edmund Burke

[4] Thomas Gray

Answer: Thomas Gray

Q.27) “The pen is mightier than the sword” is an example of:

[1] Simile

[2] Image

[3] Conceit

[4] Metonymy

Answer: Metonymy – “The pen is mightier than the sword” is a metonymic adage, created by English author Edward Bulwer- Lytton in 1839, indicating that the written word is more effective than violence as a tool for communicating a point. In some interpretations, written communication can refer to administrative power or an independent news media.

Q.28) “If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind ?” From which poem is this line taken?

[1] Shelley’s “To a Skylark”

[2] John Keats’s “Ode to a Nightingale”

[3] Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey”

[4] Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind”

Answer: Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind”

Q.29) What is a neologism?

[1] A word with roots in a native language

[2] A word whose meaning changes with every renewed use

[3] A word newly coined or used in a new sense

[4] An obsession with new words and phrases

Answer: A word newly coined or used in a new sense

Q.30) Who is the author of Orientalism?

[1] Roland Barthes

[2] Edward Said

[3] Terry Eagleton

[4] Michel Foucault

Answer: Edward Said – Orientalism is a 1978 book by Edward W. Said, in which the author establishes the eponymous term “Orientalism” as a critical concept to describe the West’s commonly contemptuous depiction and portrayal of “The East,” i.e. the Orient. Societies and peoples of the Orient are those who inhabit the places of Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East. Said argues that Orientalism, in the sense of the Western scholarship about the Eastern World, is inextricably tied to the imperialist societies who produced it, which makes much Orientalist work inherently political and servile to power. According to Said, in the Middle East, the social, economic, and cultural practices of the ruling Arab elites indicate they are imperial satraps who have internalized a romanticized version of Arab Culture created by French, British and later, American, Orientalists. Examples used in the book include critical analyses of the colonial literature of Joseph Conrad, which conflates a people, a time, and a place into one narrative of an incident and adventure in an exotic land.

Through the critical application of post-structuralism in its scholarship, Orientalism influenced the development of literary theory, cultural criticism, and the field of Middle-Eastern studies, especially with regard to how academics practice their intellectual Ter inquiries when examining, describing, and explaining us the Middle East. Moreover, the scope of Said’s scholarship established Orientalism as a foundational text in the field of postcolonial studies, by denoting and examining the connotations of Orientalism, and the history of a given country’s post-colonial period.

As a public intellectual, Edward Said dated historians and scholars of area studies, notably, historian Bernard Lewis, who described the thesis of Orientalism as “anti-Western.” For subsequent editions of Orientalism, Said wrote an Afterword (1995) and a Preface (2003) addressing discussions of the book as cultural criticism.

Q.31) Who called a poet ‘Maker’, ‘Prophet’ and ‘Creator’?

[1] Shelley

[2] Sir Philip Sydney

[3] William Wordsworth

[4] John Keats

Answer: Sir Philip Sydney

Q.32) The last of Gulliver’s Travels is to:

[1] The Land of the Houyhnhnms

[2] The Land of Homosapiens

[3] The Land of the Hurricanes

[4] The Newfound Land

Answer: The Land of the Houyhnhnms – The last of Gulliver’s Travels is to the land of the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver’s Travels is an adventure story (in reality, a misadventure story) involving several voyages of Lemuel Gulliver, a ship’s surgeon, who, because of a series of mishaps en route to recognized ports, ends up, instead, on several unknown islands living with people and animals of unusual sizes, behaviours, and philosophies, but who, after each adventure, is somehow able to return to his home in England where he recovers from these unusual experiences and then sets out again on a new voyage.

Q.33) The term ‘the comedy of menace’ is associated with the early plays of:

[1] Arnold Wesker

[2] John Arden

[3] Harold Pinter

[4] David Hare

Answer: Harold Pinter – Comedy of menace is the body of plays written by David Campton, Nigel Dennis, N. F. Simpson, and Harold Pinter. The term was coined by drama critic Irving Wardle, who borrowed it from the subtitle of Campton’s play The Lunatic View: A Comedy of Menace, in reviewing Pinter’s and Campton’s plays in Encore in 1958. (Campton’s subtitle Comedy of Menace is a jocular play-on-words derived from 23ng comedy of manners-menace being manners pronounced with somewhat of a Judeo-English accent.).

Q.34) What is the correct combination of the following?

List I

[a] R.K. Narayan

[b] Mulk Raj Anand

[c] Raja Rao

[d] Anita Desai

List II

[i] Waiting for Mahatma

[ii] The Sword and the Sickle

[iii] The Cat and Shakespeare

[iv] Cry, the Peacock

[1] a-iii, b-iv, c-i, d-ii

[2] a-iv, b-iii, c-ii, d-i

[3] a-i, b-iv, c-iii, d-ii

[4] a-i, b-ii, c-iii, d-iv

Answer: a-i, b-ii, c-iii, d-iv

Q.35) “Art for Art’s Sake” became a rallying cry for”.

[1] The Aesthetes

[2] The Symbolists

[3] The Imagists

[4] The Art Noveau School

Answer: The Aesthetes – Art for art’s sake-the usual English rendering of l’art pour l’art, a French slogan from the early 19th century is a phrase that expresses the philosophy that the intrinsic value of art, and the only ‘true’ art, is divorced from any didactic, moral, political, or utilitarian function. Such works are sometimes described as autotelic (from Greek: autoteles, ‘complete in itself’), a concept that has been expanded to embrace “inner-directed” or “self-motivated” human beings.

The explicit slogan is associated, in the history of English art and letters, with Walter Pater and his followers in the Aesthetic Movement, which was self- consciously in rebellion against Victorian morals. It first appeared in English in two works published simultaneously in 1868: in Pater’s review of William Morris’s poetry in the Westminster Review, and the other in William Blake by Algernon Charles Swinburne. A modified form of Pater’s review appeared in his Studies in the History of the Renaissance (1873), one of the most influential texts of the Aesthetic In Movement.

Q.36) Who won the Nobel Prize in Literature for 2015?

[1] Alice Munro

[2] Svetlana Alexievich

[3] Patrick Modaino

[4] Mo Yan

Answer: Svetlana Alexievich – The Belarusian novelist and journalist Svetlana Alexievich has been awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize for Literature for her “polyphonic writings, a bote monument to suffering and courage in our time.” Alexievich is the author, most famously, of Voices From Chernobyl, an oral history of the nuclear disaster. map Her fiction and nonfiction tend to focus on the Soviet Union and its collapse-aside from Chernobyl, she has also written about the Soviet experience during World War II and the Afghan War. In a statement accompanying the announcement, the Nobel Prize Committee praised Alexievich’s “extraordinary method a carefully composed collage of human voices,” which “deepens our comprehension of an entire era.”

Born in the Ukraine in 1948 and raised in the Belarusian capitol of Minsk, Alexievich is the 14th woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Three of her works are available in English-alongside Voices From Chernobyl are another oral history, Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from the Afghanistan War, and War’s Unwomanly Face, a hybrid book about women who joined the Soviet Army, encompasses fiction and oral history and sold over 2 million copies when it was released in 1985. According to the Nobel Prize War’s Unwomanly Face is “based on interviews with hundreds of women who participated wall in the Second World War. This work is the first in Alexievich’s grand cycle of books, Voices of Utopia, where life in the Soviet Union is depicted from the perspective of the individual.” Alexievich is also the author of three plays and over twenty documentary screenplays. Her books have been translated into 39 languages.

Q.37) Who of the following poets is Australian?

[1] Austin Clarke

[2] Judith Wright

[3] Edwin Muir

[4] Dereck Walcott

Answer: Judith Wright – Prominent Australian poets of the 20th century include Dame Mary Gilmore, A. D. Hope, Judith Wright, Gwen Harwood, Kenneth Slessor, Les Murray, Bruce Dawe and more recently Robert Gray, John Forbes, John Tranter, John Kinsella and Judith Beveridge. Contemporary Australian poetry is mostly published by small, independent book publishers. However, other kinds of publication, including new media and online journals, spoken word and live events, and public poetry projects are gaining an increasingly vibrant and popular presence.

Q.38) For which novel was Salman Rushdie issued a fatwa?

[1] Midnight’s Children

[2] The Satanic Verses

[3] Shame

[4] Shalimar the Clown

Answer: The Satanic Verses – On 14 February, 1989 Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa ordering Muslims to execute author Salman Rushdie over the publication of The Satanic Verses, along with anyone else involved with the novel. Published in the UK in 1988 by Viking Penguin, the book was met with widespread protest by those who accused Rushdie of blasphemy and unbelief. Death threats and a $6 million bounty on the author’s head saw him take on a 24-hour armed guard under the British government’s protection programme.

The book was soon banned in a number of countries. from Bangladesh to Venezuela, and many died in of protests against its publication, including on 24 February when 12 people lost their lives in a riot in Bombay, India. Explosions went off across the UK, including at Liberty’s department store, which had a Penguin bookshop inside, and the Penguin store in York.

Q.39) Who wrote “Two Years, Eight Months and Twenty Eight Nights”?

[1] Sashi Tharoor

[2] Salman Rushdie

[3] Upamanyu Chatterjee

[4] Amitav Ghosh

Answer: Salman Rushdie

Q.40) A lyric is:

[1] A metrical poem with rhyme

[2] An unmetrical poem with rhyme

[3] A poem which has emotion, feeling and thought

[4] An unrhymed metrical song

Answer: A poem which has emotion, feeling and thought – The word lyric comes from the Middle French word lyrique’ meaning ‘a short poem expressing emotion’. It is derived from the Latin ‘lyricus’ and the Greek lyrikos’, both meaning ‘of or singing to the lyre’. A lyre is a small stringed instrument traditionally used in ancient Greece, and typically played while singing or reciting poetry. In English, the word lyric was first recorded in the 1580s, and its alternate meaning referring to the words of a song was first recorded in English in 1876.

Q.41) What is the opposite of ‘Hyperbole’?

[1] Understatement

[2] Ironic statement

[3] Exaggeration

[4] Factual statement

Answer: Understatement – Hyperbole is a rhetorical device in which exaggeration and overstatements are used in speech, poetry or writings. Since it is an exaggeration of a situation, it is not meant to be taken literally. For e.g. ‘He was so angry, I thought he was going to kill me!’ The sentence is meant to convey the message that someone is very angry. It does not mean that the person actually wants to kill someone. This is an exaggeration or overstatement. Such rhetorical use of exaggeration is called hyperbole. The term ‘hyperbole’ comes from the Greek word hyperbole, which means to go above or beyond.

The opposite of hyperbole is litotes. Litotes is a rhetorical device in which understatements are used. Understatements are statements that present something as being smaller or less good or of less importance as compared to what it actually is. For e.g. ‘The movie was not bad’ is an understatement that actually means that the movie was good. ‘He’s not the kindest person I know,’ would mean that ‘he is an unkind person. The term ‘litotes’ is from the Greek word lithos, which means small, plain or meager.

Q.42) What is the meaning of the term ‘homology”?

[1] A correspondence between two or more structures

[2] A correspondence between two or more words

[3] A correspondence between two or more phrases

[4] A correspondence between two or more phonemes

Answer: A correspondence between two or more structures

Q.43) John Milton’s Areopagitica deals with:

[1] Fashion, courtship, seduction

[2] Absolute sovereignty

[3] The power of music

[4] The liberty for unlicensed printing

Answer: The liberty for unlicensed printing – Areopagitica, in full Areopagitica: A Speech of Mr John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parliament of England, pamphlet by John Milton, published in 1644 to protest an order issued by Parliament the previous year requiring government approval and licensing of all published books. Four earlier pamphlets by the author concerning divorce had met with official disfavour and suppressive measures.

The title of the work derives from “Areopagus” (“Hill of Ares”), the name of the site from which the high court of Athens administered its jurisdiction and imposed a general censorship. In a prose style that draws heavily on Greek models, Milton argues that to mandate licensing is to follow the example of the detested papacy. He defends the free circulation of ideas as essential to moral and intellectual development. Furthermore, he asserts, to attempt to preclude falsehood is to underestimate the power of truth. While the immediate objective of the Areopagitica-repeal of licensing-was not obtained for another 50 years, the tract has earned a permanent place in the literature of human rights.

Q.44) “Fourth World Literature” refers to:

[1] The works of native people living in a land that has been taken over by non-natives

[2] The works of black people in the United States

[3] The literature of the marginalized

[4] The works of non-heterosexuals

Answer: The works of native people living in a land that has been taken over by non-natives – Fourth World literature refers to the written work of native people living in a land that has been taken over by non-Natives. “Fourth World,” however, is a term that came into use following the formation of the World Council of Indigenous Peoples (WCIP) in 1972. Fourth World people are the original indigenous inhabitants those who existed before European or other colonizers invaded, occupied, or otherwise conquered and settled their homelands.

Native people of America, Aboriginals of Australia, Maoris of New Zealand, First Nations of Canada, Dalits/Tribes of India are considered as peoples of Fourth World. George Manuel (1921-1989), the most significant, powerful and revered Indigenous leader of Canada advocated the political unification of indigenous people across the globe by the formation of the Fourth World movement and gave prominence to the concept of Fourth World. As the president of World Council of Indigenous Peoples during 1975- 1981, Manuel traveled Sweden, Nicaragua, Chile, and Guatemala and realized that Indigenous people have much in common and in the face of adversity, unity becomes the binding factor. To promote the perspective of the Fourth World, with the assistance of Michael Posluns, he published The Fourth World: An Indian Reality in the year 1974. Manuel’s campaign from brotherhood to nationhood found its resonance in all the aspects of Indigenous peoples lives. Throughout this work Manuel alludes to a history of shared experiences among the indigenous communities of the world, who are struggling for selfdetermination and identity. In his narrative, Manuel furthermore registers the language used to divide the world systematically according to a variety of empirical formulations that adhere to notions of economic development. This description of the Fourth World tends to fall into generalities as it is often used to define any community that is marginalized economically and politically. And he suggests, once the Fourth World enters the historical consciousness of the globe, it arguably beacons the most dramatic history of transculturation ever witnessed, carrying within constitutive forces that shape the post- Columbian world in all its manifestations.

Q.45) David Crystal is:

[1] A political analyst

[2] An anthropologist

[3] A linguist

[4] A historian

Answer: A linguist

Q.46) What is the significance of the year 1922 in English literary history?

[1] Publication of Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own

[2] Publication of Eliot’s “The Waste Land”

[3] Establishment of the Bloomsbury group

[4] Publication of James Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

Answer: Publication of Eliot’s “The Waste Land”

Q.47) Who of the following are the Lake Poets?

[1] John Keats, William Wordsworth, Robert Southey

[2] Robert Southey, William Wordsworth, Shelley

[3] William Wordsworth, Coleridge, Robert Southey

[4] William Wordsworth, Coleridge, William Blake

Answer: William Wordsworth, Coleridge, Robert Southey – Known by some critics as the Lake Poets, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Robert Southey represent the first generation of English romantic poets. They were a group of artists who established the ideological foundation that would guide English Romanticism in its early stages. United by their friendship and their stance in art and politics (they were in favour of the French Revolution, among other things), they were called the “Lake Poets” because they coincided at a specific geographic site: the Lake District, in northwest England.

The English Romantic movement, as in other European countries, was initially characterized for instilling great importance to feelings and subjectivity. This is due, among other factors, to the Industrial Revolution, which forced thousands of farmers to migrate to cities, work in factories and become machines living in misery. The Romantics broke with this by proclaiming their unconditional love of freedom and nature, which for this specific group of poets was a source of inspiration and a way to come into contact with the sublime.

Q.48) The poetry of William Wordsworth and Coleridge was. notably influenced by:

[1] The Napoleonic Wars

[2] The Glorious Revolution

[3] The French Revolution

[4] Poor Laws

Answer: The French Revolution

Q.49) Which of these plays of William Shakespeare is a late romance?

[1] The Merchant of Venice

[2] Henry VIII

[3] King John

[4] Winter’s Tale

Answer: Winter’s Tale – The late romances, often simply called the romances, are a grouping of William Shakespeare’s last plays, comprising Pericles, Prince of Tyre; Cymbeline; The Winter’s Tale; and The Tempest. The Two Noble Kinsmen, of which Shakespeare was co-author, is sometimes also included in the grouping. The term “romances” was first used for these late works in Edward Dowden’s Shakespeare: A Critical Study of His Mind and Art (1875). Later writers have generally been content to adopt Dowden’s term.

To: Shakespeare’s plays cannot be precisely dated, but it is generally agreed that these comedies followed a series of tragedies including Othello, King Lear and Macbeth. Shakespeare wrote tragedies because their productions were financially successful, but he returned to comedy towards the end of his career, mixing it with tragic and mystical elements. Shakespeare’s late romances were also influenced by the development of tragicomedy and the extreme elaboration of the courtly masque as staged by Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones. The subjects and style of these plays were also influenced by the preference of the monarch, by Shakespeare’s ageing company and by their more upper-class audiences.

The romances call for spectacular effects to be shown onstage, including storms at sea, opulent interior and exterior scenery, dream settings and the illusion of time passing. Scholars have argued that the late plays deal with faith and redemption, and are variations on themes of rewarding virtue over vice.

Q.50) Which of the following is not an elegy?

[1] “Lycidas”

[2] “In Memoriam”

[3] “Adonais”

[4] “Ode to a Nightingale”

Answer: “Ode to a Nightingale”

Q.51) Elizabethan Period is also known as:

[1] Regressive Period

[2] Renaissance

[3] Neo-classical period

[4] Augustan Age

Answer: Renaissance – The Elizabethan Era took place from 1558 to 1603 Saul and is considered by many historians to be the golden 119d age in English History. During this era England experienced peace and prosperity while the arts flourished. The time period is named after Queen Elizabeth I who ruled England during this time.

The Elizabethan Era is perhaps most famous for its theatre and the works of William Shakespeare. English Renaissance theatre began with the opening of “The Red Lion” theatre in 1567. Many more permanent theatres opened in London over the next several years including the Curtain Theatre in 1577 and the famous is Globe Theatre in 1599. The period produced some of the world’s great playwrights including Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare. Today Shakespeare is considered the greatest writer of the English language. Popular genres of theatre included the history play, the tragedy, and the comedy.

Q.52) All the world’s a stage
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.
In which of the following Shakespeare’s plays do the above lines figure?

[1]As You Like It

[2] Macbeth

[3] King Lear

[4] The Merchant of Venice

Answer: As You Like It – Like several other phrases, this phrase was coined by William Shakespeare. Jacques has spoken this famous phrase in Act-II, Scene-VII of the play As You Like It. He says, “All the world’s a stage, / And all the men and women merely players.” The meaning of this phrase is that this world is like a stage show, and all human beings are merely actors. In fact, this no’s speech is a continuance of the idea given by Orlando earlier in the play.

Shakespeare draws readers’ attention toward the drama everyone lives throughout their lives. He is really reducing the life of human beings to a performance, or an acting role, which might look ridiculous. Simply, Phe means that all human beings are players, who play their assigned roles in every day. For instance, if as somebody is a soldier now, he is playing the role Lord no has allotted to him. Same is the case with other professionals. Even several roles are common such, as Jp the role of a young lover, a haughty middle-aged man, or a great golfer.

Q.53) Ariel is a character in:

[1] The Tempest

[2] Winter’s Tale

[3] Henry IV – Part I

[4] Othello

Answer: The Tempest – Ariel is a spirit who appears in William Shakespeare’s play The Tempest. Ariel is bound to serve the magician Prospero, who rescued him from the tree in which he was imprisoned by Sycorax, the witch who previously inhabited the island. Prospero greets disobedience with a reminder that he saved Ariel from Sycorax’s spell, and with promises to grant Ariel his freedom. Ariel is Prospero’s eyes and ears throughout the play, using his magical abilities to cause the tempest in Act One which gives the play its name, and to foil other characters’ plots to bring down their master.

Ariel means “Lion of God” in the Hebrew language. Ariel may also be a simple play on the word “aerial”. Scholars have compared Ariel to spirits depicted in other Elizabethan plays, and have managed to find several similarities between them, but one thing which makes Ariel unique is the human edge and personality given to Ariel by Shakespeare. The name is also phonetically similar to the word “areal”, meaning ‘pertaining to an area’.

Q.54) Who among the following is not a Booker Prize winner?

[1] Kiran Desai

[2] Arundhati Roy

[3] Anita-Desai

[4] Arvind Adiga

Answer: Anita-Desai – The recipients of Booker Prize are Salman Rushdie, V.S. Naipaul, Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai and Aravind Adiga. Booker Prize is a literary award that is presented every year to the best original novel that has been written in English and published in the UK.

Q.55) Who wrote The Alchemist?

[1] William Shakespeare

[2] Ben Jonson

[3] Samuel Johnson

[4] William Congreve

Answer: Ben Jonson – Benjamin Jonson (1572-1637) was an English playwright and poet. Jonson’s artistry exerted a lasting influence upon English poetry and stage comedy. He popularised the comedy of humours; he is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour (1598), Volpone, or The Fox (c. 1606), The Alchemist (1610) and Bartholomew Fair (1614) and for his lyric and epigrammatic poetry. “He is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I.”

Jonson was a classically educated, well-read and man of the English Renaissance with an appetite for controversy (personal and political, artistic and intellectual) whose cultural influence was of unparalleled breadth upon the playwrights and the poets of the Jacobean era (1603-1625) and of the Caroline era (1625-1642). His ancestors spelled the family name with a letter “t” (Johstone or Johnstoun). While the spelling had eventually changed to the more common “Johnson”, the playwright’s own particular preference became “Jonson”.

Q.56) Magic Realism is not associated with the writings of:

[1] Rohinton Mistry

[2] Gabriel Garcia Marquez

[3] Salman Rushdie

[4] Italo Calvino

Answer: Rohinton Mistry

Q.57) Tennyson’s Ulysses is:

[1] A poem expressing the need for going forward and braving the struggles of life

[2] An elegy

[3] A love sonnet

[4] A mock heroic poem

Answer: A poem expressing the need for going forward and braving the struggles of life

Q.58) Over-ambition is a theme in Shakespeare’s:

[1] The Merchant of Venice

[2] Macbeth

[3] The Tempest

[4] Othello

Answer: Macbeth – The Shakespearean play, Macbeth, is one of the most famous works of English literature to have ever been written. It is also Shakespeare’s shortest and bloodiest tragedy. The ruthless nature of the plot can be attributed directly to the overflow of ambition in the play’s characters. The theme of ambition is the driving force of the play as it has the greatest effect on the story itself. The impact of ambition is exhibited through the actions of Lady Macbeth, Macduff, and predominantly, in the main character, Macbeth.

Q.59) The term tabula rasa stands for:

[1] Blank mind

[2] Full mind

[3] Prelapsarian state

[4] Imaginative mind

Answer: Blank mind – Tabula rasa in epistemology (theory of knowledge) and psychology, a supposed condition that empiricists have attributed to the human mind before ideas have been imprinted on it by the reaction of the senses to the external world of objects.

Comparison of the mind to a blank writing tablet occurs in Aristotle’s De anima ( On the Soul), and the Stoics as well as the Peripatetics (students at the Lyceum, the school founded by Aristotle) subsequently argued for an original state of mental blankness. Both the Aristotelians and the Stoics, however, emphasized those faculties of the mind or soul that, having been only potential or inactive before receiving ideas from the senses, respond to the ideas by an intellectual process and convert them into knowledge.

A new and revolutionary emphasis on the tabula rasa occurred late in the 17th century, when the English empiricist John Locke, in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689), argued for the mind’s initial resemblance to “white paper, void of all characters,” with “all the materials of reason and knowledge” derived from experience. Locke did not believe, however, that the mind is literally blank or empty prior to experience, and almost no other empiricist has taken such an extreme position. Locke himself acknowledged an innate power of “reflection” (awareness of one’s own ideas, sensations, emotions, and so on) as a means of exploiting the materials given by experience as well as a limited realm of a Thu priori (non-experiential) knowledge, which he nevertheless regarded as “trifling” and essentially empty of content (e.g., “soul is soul” and “every man is an animal”). The 18th-century Scottish empiricist David Hume held similar views. Suitably Quo qualified notions of the tabula rasa remained influential 2 in British and subsequently Anglo-American (analytic) philosophy through the mid-20th century.

Q.60) A Shakespearean sonnet has the following rhyme scheme:





Answer: ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG – A Shakespearean sonnet is a variation on the Italian sonnet tradition. The form evolved in England during and around the time of the Elizabethan era. These sonnets are sometimes referred to as Elizabethan sonnets or English sonnets. They have 14 lines divided into 4 subgroups: 3 quatrains and a couplet. Each line is typically ten syllables, phrased in iambic pentameter. A Shakespearean sonnet employs the rhyme scheme BABAB CDCD EFEF GG.

Q.61) Which popular genre of fiction does Jane Austen parody in Northanger Abbey?

[1] Historical novel

[2] Epistolary novel

[3] Realist novel

[4] Gothic romance

Answer: Gothic romance

Q.62) What is the five line stanza called?

[1] Quintain

[2] Pentain

[3] Pentair

[4] Polymer

Answer: Quintain

Q.63) What is the single indivisible sound called?

[1] Symbol

[2] Phoneme

[3] Allophone

[4] Morpheme

Answer: Phoneme – Components of Language:
• Phonetics: Sound of speech
• Phoneme: Smallest indivisible unit of sound
•Morpheme: Smallest and fundamental linguistic unit of a word.
•Lexeme: Formed by joining an asset of words
• Syntax: Arrangement of words in a sentence
• Context: Provides a meaningful sentence
• Semantics: Meaning of words
• Vocabulary: Set of words which creates sentences and develops a language.

Q.64) How many diphthongs are there in English Language?

[1] 12

[2] 16

[3] 8

[4] 14

Answer: 8 – In vowel sounds, the airflow is unobstructed when the sound is made. For example, the vowel sounds are the music or movement of our language.
•There are 20 vowel sounds in English.
• Among them 12 pure vowel sounds (monophthong) and 8 diphthongs in the English language.
• Pure Vowel Sounds/Monophthong: It refers to a single pure vowel sound which is articulated with exactly one mouth position. For example: Beat /i:/
• Diphthong: It refers to ‘two sounds glide’ which is articulated with a slight change in the tongue/ mouth position. Diphthong has two vowels; it is considered as a single unit and is a ‘syllabic’. For examples, Ice [ais], Price [prais].

Hence, it becomes clear that in the English language there are 12 pure vowels and 8 diphthongs.

Q.65) Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in the year:

[1] 1913

[2] 1914

[3] 1915

[4] 1916

Answer: 1913 – Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was a Bengali polymath who worked as a poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer and painter. He reshaped Bengali literature and music as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful” poetry of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European and the first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore’s poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; T however, his “elegant prose and magical poetry” remain largely unknown outside Bengal. He was a fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society. Referred to as “the Bard of Bengal”, Tagore was known by sobriquets: Gurudev, Kobiguru, Biswakobi.

Q.66) “Daffodils” is a poem written by:

[1] Robert Herrick

[2] William Wordsworth

[3] John Keats

[4] P.B. Shelley

Answer: William Wordsworth – The poem ‘Daffodils’ is written by poet William Wordsworth. It is impossible to study English literature without the works of Wordsworth. He is known as one of the greatest romantic poets who have celebrated nature and focused on human emotions. He is considered the pioneer of the romantic era of poetry. This poem is based on one of his real-life experiences. He has elaborated how nature has the power to please and to heal the human mind. Once when Wordsworth had gone for a walk with his sister, he saw a row of daffodils beside a lake. The blowing winds made the daffodils dance to its tune. He found this sight so pleasing the inspiring that he wrote about it in lyrical poetry. The poem is known for its simplicity and its impact on human minds. The poet has described the beautiful sight of daffodils fluttering and how they have uplifted his spirits in times of sadness. The poem is written in four stanzas of six lines each. It has a folksy theme. This poem has the ‘ababcc’ rhyme scheme.

Being closely associated with nature is always a pleasant feeling. The sight is a source of positivity and is rejuvenation to the soul. Imagine being in a field of flowers or amidst mountains or in woods or in front of a lake or stream. One wouldn’t want to leave such a place. There are many pleasing sights that nature offers to mankind. The poet William Wordsworth had a similar experience when he witnessed a field of golden daffodils beside a lake.

Q.67) Shelley was expelled from Oxford University due to the publication of:

[1] The Revolt of Islam

[2] The Necessity of Atheism

[3] The Triumph of Life

[4] The Masque of Anarchy

Answer: The Necessity of Atheism – Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) was born in Field Place, the family home in Sussex, and educated at Eton College. He entered University College, Oxford, in 1810, but was expelled in 1811 after publishing a pamphlet entitled The Necessity of Atheism. He then eloped with 16-year-old Harriet Westbrook and for the next three years engaged in radical politics and lived in various parts of Britain. In 1813 he privately an be distributed his first major poem, Queen Mab. In 1814 he met and eloped with the 16-year-old Mary Godwin, daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin. They married soon after Harriet’s suicide in 1816.

In 1816 Shelley and Mary spent time with Lord Byron in Geneva and visited the Alps, a visit which inspired Shelley’s poem Mont Blanc. In 1818 Shelley published his longest poem, The Revolt of Islam. Later that year he and Mary left England for good and moved to Italy, living in various cities and towns including Rome, Florence and Pisa, and spending more time with Byron. In Italy Shelley wrote a series of masterpieces, including Prometheus Unbound, Julian and Maddalo, Epipsychidion and Adonais; shorter poems such as ‘To a Skylark’ and ‘Ode to the West Wind’; and his greatest prose work, A Defence of Poetry. He drowned off the Italian coast on 8 July, 1822.

Q.68) “The Rhyme of Ancient Mariner” is about:

[1] A perilous mountaineering expedition

[2] The accidental killing of an octopus

[3] An epic battle between men and gods

[4] The guilt and expiation of a sailor

Answer: The guilt and expiation of a sailor

Q.69) Who among the following writers is not one of the University Wits?

[1] John Lyly

[2] Thomas Nashe

[3] George Peele

[4] Ben Jonson

Answer: Ben Jonson – The University Wits is a phrase used to name a group of late 16th-century English playwrights and pamphleteers who were educated at the universities (Oxford or Cambridge) and who became popular secular writers. Prominent members of this group were Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, and Thomas Nashe from Cambridge, and John Lyly, Thomas Lodge, and George Peele from Oxford. Thomas Kyd is also sometimes included in the group, though he was not from any of the aforementioned universities.

This diverse and talented loose association of London writers and dramatists set the stage for the theatrical Renaissance of Elizabethan England. They are identified as among the earliest professional writers in English, and prepared the way for the writings of William Shakespeare, who was born just two months after Marlowe.

Q.70) Spensarian Stanza consists of:

[1] Eight Iambic Pentameter lines followed by sixth Iambic feet

[2] Eight Iambic Pentameter lines followed by seventh Iambic feet

[3] Eight Iambic Pentameter lines followed by eighth Iambic feet

[4] Eight Iambic Pentameter lines followed by ninth Iambic feet

Answer: Eight Iambic Pentameter lines followed by sixth Iambic feet – Spenserian stanza, verse form that consists of eight iambic pentameter lines followed by a ninth line of six iambic feet (an alexandrine); the rhyme scheme is ababbcbcc. The first eight lines produce an effect of formal unity, while the hexameter completes the thought of the stanza. Invented by Edmund Spenser for his poem The Faerie Queene (1590-1609), the Spenserian stanza has origins in the Old French ballade (eight-line stanzas, rhyming ababbcbc), the Italian ottava rima (eight iambic pentameter lines with a rhyme scheme of abababcc), and the stanza form used by Chaucer in his “Monk’s Tale” (eight lines rhyming ababbcbc). A revolutionary innovation in its day, the Spenserian stanza fell into general disuse during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was revived in the 19th century by the Romantic poets- e.g., Byron in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Keats in “The Eve of St. Agnes,” and Shelley in “Adonais.”

Q.71) The term “egotisical sublime” was coined by:

[1] S.T. Coleridge

[2] John Keats

[3] William Wordsworth

[4] William Hazlitt

Answer: John Keats

Q.72) Who edited The Spectator?

[1] Richard Steele and Joseph Addison

[2] Richard Steele and John Dennis

[3] Richard Steele and John Locke

[4] Richard Steele and Goldsmith

Answer: Richard Steele and Joseph Addison

Q.73) Practical Criticism was written by:

[1] William Empson

[2] W.K. Wimsatt

[3] I.A. Richards

[4] F.R. Leavis

Answer: I.A. Richards – Ivor Armstrong Richards (1893-1979), English critic, poet, and teacher who was highly influential in developing a new way of reading poetry that led to the New Criticism and that also influenced some forms of reader-response criticism.

Richards was educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and was a lecturer in English and moral sciences there from 1922 to 1929. In that period he wrote three of his most influential books: The Meaning of Meaning (1923; with C.K. Ogden), a pioneer work on semantics; and Principles of Literary Criticism (1924) and Practical Criticism (1929), companion volumes that he used to develop his critical method. The latter two were based on experimental pedagogy: Richards would give students poems in which the titles and authors’ names had been removed and then use their responses for further development of their “close reading” skills. Richards is best known for advancing the close reading of literature and for articulating the theoretical principles upon which these skills lead to “practical criticism,” a method of increasing readers’ analytic powers.

Q.74) The Puritans shut down all theatres in England in:

[1] 1642

[2] 1640

[3] 1659

[4] 1660

Answer: 1642 – On September 2, 1642, just after the First English Civil War had begun, the Long Parliament ordered the closure of all London theatres. The order cited the current “times of humiliation” and their incompatibility with “public stage-plays”, representative of “lascivious Mirth and Levity”. The ban, which was not completely effective, was reinforced by an Act of 11 February, 1648, at the beginning of the Second Civil War. It provided for the treatment of actors as rogues, the demolition of theatre seating, and fines for spectators.

On 24 January 1643, the actors pleaded with parliament to reopen the theatres by writing a pamphlet called ‘The Actors remonstrance or complaint for the silencing of their profession, and banishment from their several play-houses’, in which they state, “We have purged our stages of all obscene and scurrilous jests.”

In 1660, after the English Restoration brought King Charles II to effective power in England, the theatrical ban was lifted. Under a new licensing system, two London theatres with royal patents were opened: the King’s Company and the Duke’s Company.

Q.75) Who among the following is credited with the making of the first authoritative Dictionary of the English Language?

[1] Bishop Berkley

[2] Samuel Johnson

[3] Edmund Burke

[4] A.S. Hornby

Answer: Samuel Johnson – A Dictionary of the English Language, sometimes published as Johnson’s Dictionary, was published in 1755 and written by Samuel Johnson. It is among the most influential dictionaries in the history of the English language.

Q.76) Which of the following books had not influenced M.K. Gandhi’s political thought?

[1] John Ruskin’s Unto This Last

[2] Thoreau’s On Civil Disobedience

[3] Tolstoy’s The Kingdom of God is within You

[4] Sir William Jones’s Shakuntala

Answer: Sir William Jones’s Shakuntala

Q.77) What was the first Indian novel in English?

[1] Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s Rajmohan’s Wife

[2] Veerasalingam Pantulu’s Kanyasulkam

[3] Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s Vande Mataram

[4] Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s Anandamatha

Answer: Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s Rajmohan’s Wife – Rajmohan’s Wife, published in 1864 by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1838-94), is generally regarded as the first Indian novel in English, significant not only because its author was the greatest Bengali novelist of the nineteenth century but also because it speaks to an emergent genre in the literature of colonial modernity.

Rajmohan’s Wife stands at other intersections too: between “original” composition and translation, between realism and romance, between linguistic choices in periodical publication, and between modernity and tradition. Though it may strike us today as a novel without a posterity, it serves as witness to these relations at a critical moment of genre formation and of the construction of the colonial subject, and it offers lessons to later novelists, including Bankim himself. Sadly, the neglect of this work by his critics and biographers is a mark of the discomfort that overcomes literary historians when classifying the relatively minor English-language productions of major Indian writers such as Bankim, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, and Rabindranath Tagore.

Q.78) Which of the Indian novelists is a centenarian?

[1] Mulk Raj Anand

[2] Nirad C Chaudhuri

[3] Raja Rao

[4] Chaman Mahal

Answer: Nirad C Chaudhuri

Q.79) Which of the following poems uses terza Rima?

[1] John Keats’s “Ode to a Nightingale”

[2] P.B. Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind”

[3] William Wordsworth’s “The Solitary Reaper”

[4] Alfred Tennyson’s “Ulysses”

Answer: P.B. Shelley’s “Ode to the West Wind” – The terza Rima is a poem, Italian in origin, composed of tercets woven into a complex rhyme scheme. The terza Rima was invented by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri in the late thirteenth century to structure his three-part epic poem, The Divine Comedy. Dante chose to end each canto of the The Divine Comedy with a single line that completes the rhyme scheme with the end-word of the second line of the preceding tercet.

Possibly developed from the tercets found in the verses of Provencal troubadours, who were greatly admired by Dante, the tripartite stanza likely symbolizes the Holy Trinity. Early enthusiasts of terza Rima, including Italian poets Boccaccio and Petrarch, were particularly interested in the unifying effects of the form. Fourteenth-century English poet Geoffrey Chaucer introduced terza Rima to England with his poem “Complaints to his Lady,” while Thomas Wyatt is credited, with popularizing its use in the English language through his translations and original works. Later, the English Romantic poets experimented with the form, including Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley, whose “Ode to the West Wind” is an example of what is sometimes called “terza Rima sonnet,” in which the final stanza comes in couplet form. A clever mixture of poetic techniques, the poem is a series of five terza Rima sonnets.

Twentieth-century examples of terza Rima come in two different forms: poets who have written in the form and scholars and poets who have translated Dante. Those who have written in terza Rima usually employ near and slant rhymes, as the English language, though syntactically quite versatile, is rhyme poor. “The Yachts” by William Carlos Williams and “Acquainted with the Night” by Robert Frost are two examples. More recent works written in terza Rima include “The Sow” by Sylvia Plath and the eponymous “Terza Rima” cool by Adrienne Rich.

Q.80) “To make arms against a sea of troubles” is an example of:

[1] A paradox

[2] An antithesis

[3] A mixed metaphor

[4] An epic simile

Answer: A mixed metaphor

Q.81) Who wrote Man and Superman?

[1] George Bernard Shaw

[2] George Orwell

[3] Alduous Huxley

[4] Samuel Beckett

Answer: George Bernard Shaw – Man and Superman, play in four acts by George Bernard Shaw, published in 1903 and performed (without scene 2 of Act III) in 1905; the first complete performance was in 1915. Basic to Man and Superman, which Shaw subtitled A Comedy and A Philosophy, is his belief in the conflict between man as spiritual creator and woman as guardian of the biological continuity of the human race. The play incorporates Shaw’s concept of the “life force” and satirizes the relationship between the sexes.

The third act, “Don Juan in Hell,” is based on the Don Juan legend, particularly as it appears in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni.

Don Juan in Hell, the third act of Man and Superman by George Bernard Shaw, set off from the main action of the play. This act is a non-realistic dream episode. A dialogue for four actors, it is spoken theatre at its most operatic and is often performed as a separate piece.

Q.82) Celts were the original inhabitants of:

[1] Wales

[2] Ireland

[3] Kent

[4] Germany

Answer: Wales

Q.83) Who among the following has written the essay “The Indian Jugglers”?

[1] Charles Lamb

[2] William Hazlitt

[3] Thomas de Quincey

[4] Thomas Love Peacock

Answer: William Hazlitt – The essay ‘The Indian Jugglers’ was published in 1821 in William Hazlitt’s collection ‘Table-Talk’.

Q.84) Who among the following is not a dramatist?

[1] Girish Karnad

[2] Asif Currimboy

[3] Mahesh Dattani

[4] Dilip Chitre

Answer: Dilip Chitre

Q.85) Which Bible is the earliest English version printed with verse divisions?

[1] Tyndale’s Translation

[2] The Geneva Bible

[3] The Douay-Rheims Version

[4] King James Version

Answer: The Geneva Bible

Q.86) Modern English emerged from the:

[1] South Midland dialect

[2] East Midland dialect

[3] French language

[4] Northumbrian dialect

Answer: East Midland dialect

Q.87) Who wrote the poem “A River”?

[1] Nissim Ezekiel

[2] Kamala Das

[3] A.K. Ramanujan

[4] R. Parthasarathi

Answer: A.K. Ramanujan – A River’ by A.K. Ramanujan focuses on the Madurai River, how it has been depicted by poets throughout time, and brings the suffering that exists along its banks to the reader’s attention.

This short, four-stanza poem is separated into uneven sets of lines. The first stanza of A River’ contains sixteen lines, the second: eleven, the third: seven, and the fourth: fifteen. They do not follow a specific rhyme scheme, but there are moments of repetition which help create rhythm.

Q.88) When did the Glorious Revolution in England take place?

[1] 1660

[2] 1666

[3] 1688

[4] 1789

Answer: 1688 – The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of James II of England in 1688 by a union of Parliamentarians and the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange). It is sometimes called the Bloodless Revolution, although there was fighting and loss of life in Ireland and Scotland.

Catholic and Tory historians prefer the term “Revolution of 1688”, claiming that “Glorious” or “Bloodless” reflect the biases of Whig historians. The expression “Glorious Revolution” was first used by John Hampden in the autumn of 1689. The Revolution is closely tied in with the events of the War of the Grand Alliance on mainland Europe, and may be seen as the last successful invasion of England. It can be argued that James’s overthrow began modern di English parliamentary democracy: never again would the monarch hold absolute power, and the Bill of Rights became one of the most important documents in the political history of Britain. The deposition of the Roman Catholic James II ended any chance of Catholicism becoming re-established in England, and also led to toleration for nonconformist Protestants.

Q.89) Who wrote the novel The Vicar of Wakefield?

[1] George Eliot

[2] Charles Dickens

[3] Oliver Goldsmith

[4] Thomas Hardy

Answer: Oliver Goldsmith – The Vicar of Wakefield, novel by Oliver Goldsmith, published in two volumes in 1766. The story, a portrait of village life, is narrated by Dr. Primrose, the title character, whose family endures many trials- including the loss of most of their money, the seduction of one daughter, the destruction of their home by fire, and the vicar’s incarceration-before all is put right in the end. The novel’s idealization of rural life, sentimental moralizing, and melodramatic incidents are countered by a sharp but good- natured irony.

Q.90) The Restoration Period lasted between:

[1] 1660 – 1700

[2] 1640 – 1700

[3] 1680 – 1720

[4] 1660 – 1720

Answer: 1660 – 1700 – After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. In English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the period of Restoration, because monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to England from his exile in France and became the King.

It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age. As the Puritans who were previously controlling the country, and were supervising her literary and moral and social standards, were finally defeated, a reaction was launched against whatever they held sacred. All restraints and discipline were thrown to the winds, and a wave of licentiousness and frivolity swept the country. Charles II and his followers who had enjoyed a gay life in France during their exile, did their best to introduce that type of foppery and looseness in England also. They renounced old ideals and demanded that English poetry and drama should follow the style to which they had become accustomed in the gaiety of Paris. Instead of having Shakespeare and the Elizabethans as their models, the poets and dramatists of the Restoration period began to imitate French writers and especially their vices.

Q.91) Which one of the following is not a characteristic of the Neo-classical School?

[1] Respect for Classical Rules

[2] Didacticism

[3] Treatment of Town Life

[4] Treatment of Nature

Answer: Didacticism – Neoclassical literature is characterized by order, accuracy, and structure. In direct opposition to Renaissance attitudes, where man was seen as basically good, the Neoclassical writers portrayed man as inherently flawed. They emphasized restraint, self- control, and common sense. This was a time when conservatism flourished in both politics and literature.
Some popular types of literature included:
• Parody
• Essays
• Satire
• Letters
• Fables
• Melodrama, and
• Rhyming with couplets

In England, Neoclassicism flourished roughly between 1660, when the Stuarts returned to the throne, and the 1798 publication of Wordsworth’s Lyrical Ballads, with its theoretical preface and section of poems that came to be seen as heralding the beginning of the Romantic Age. Regarding English literature, the Neoclassical Age is typically divided into three periods: the Restoration Age (1660-1700), the Augustan Age (1700-1750), and the Age of Johnson (1750-1798). Neoclassical writers modelled their works on classical texts and followed various aesthetic values first established in Ancient Greece and Rome. Seventeenth-century and eighteenth-century Neoclassicism was, in a sense, a resurgence of classical taste and sensibility, but it was not identical to Classicism. In part as a reaction to the bold egocentrism of the Renaissance that saw man as larger than life and boundless in potential, the neoclassicists directed their attention to a smaller scaled concept of man as an individual within a larger social context, seeing human nature as dualistic, flawed, and needing to be curbed by reason and decorum. In style, neoclassicists continued the Renaissance value of balanced antithesis, symmetry, restraint, and order, Additionally, they sought to achieve a sense of good taste, and correctness. Their clothes were complicated and detailed, and their gardens were ornately manicured and geometrically designed. They resurrected the classical values of unity and proportion and saw their art as a way to entertain and inform, a depiction of humans as social creatures, as part of polite society. Their manner was elitist, erudite, and sophisticated. The brooding social unrest that I culminated in the revolutions in the American colonies and in France toppled this artificial refinement, and in the wake of those wars emerged portraits of the single common worker or wanderer sketched against the vast natural landscape, a character that came to be one of the chosen subjects of the Romantics in the nineteenth century.

Q.92)Who invented the printing machine?

[1] William Caxton

[2] Thomas Munroe

[3] William Harvey

[4] William James

Answer: William Caxton

Q.93) The Romantics exalted the:

[1] Role of creative imagination

[2] Adherence to the classical unities

[3] Rationality of man

[4] The authority of the church

Answer: Role of creative imagination – Romanticism, attitude or intellectual orientation that characterized many works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in Western civilization over a period from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality that typified Classicism in general and late 18th-century Neoclassicism in particular. It was also to some extent a reaction against the Enlightenment and against 18th- century rationalism and physical materialism in general. Romanticism emphasized the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the transcendental.

Q.94) Which text is Shakespeare’s Hamlet modelled on?

[1] Ralph Roister Doister

[2] Jew of Malta

[3] The Spanish Tragedy

[4] The Courtier

Answer: The Spanish Tragedy

Q.95) The title of Thomas More’s Utopia literally means:

[1] A post-apocalyptic society

[2] An underwater world

[3] No place

[4] Paradise

Answer: Sir Thomas More (1477 – 1535) was the first person to write of a ‘utopia’, a word used to describe a perfect imaginary world. More’s book imagines a complex, self-contained community set on an island, in which people share a common culture and way of life. He coined the word ‘utopia’ from the Greek ou-topos meaning ‘no place’ or ‘nowhere’. It was a pun – – the almost identical Greek word eu-topos. means ‘a good place’. So at the very heart of the word is a vital question: can a perfect world ever be realised? It is unclear as to whether the book is a serious projection of a better way of life, or a satire that gave More a platform from which to discuss the chaos of European politics.

Q.96) Everyman in his Humour was written by:

[1] William Shakespeare.

[2] Ben Johnson

[3] Samuel Johnson

[4] Christopher Marlowe

Answer: Ben Jonson – Every Man in His Humour, comic drama in five acts that established the reputation of Ben Jonson, performed in London by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men in 1598 and revised sometime before its publication in the folio edition of 1616. With its galleries of grotesques, its scornful detachment, and its rather academic effect, the play introduced to the English stage a vigorous and direct anatomizing of “the time’s deformities”-the language, habits, and humours of the contemporary London scene.

The characters in Every Man in His Humour are based on the four humours of medieval physiology, bodily fluids that were held to influence personality or temperament. They are driven by their unchangeable personalities and tend to avoid interaction.

Q.97) “And miles to go before I sleep” is a refrain from the poem:

[1] “Postcard from Kashmir”

[2] “Telephone Conversation”

[3] “The Signifying Monkey”

[4] “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening”

Answer: “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening” – This is a very famous phrase used by Robert Frost in the last stanza of his poem, Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening. In the lines 15 and 16, this phrase points towards the realization of the speaker regarding his duties and responsibilities to fulfill before going to sleep. He says: “The woods are lovely, dark and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.”

Q.98) Which of the following novelists is a Canadian?

[1] Margaret Drabble

[2] Joyce Carol Oates

[3] Penelope Lively

[4] Margaret Atwood

Answer: Margaret Atwood

Q.99) Lyrical Ballads first appeared in:

[1] 1789

[2] 1798

[3] 1787

[4] 1797

Answer: 1798 – Lyrical Ballads, collection of poems, first published in 1798 by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth, the appearance of which is often designated by scholars as a signal of the beginning of English Romanticism. The work included Coleridge’s “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey,” as well as many controversial common-language poems by Wordsworth, such as “The Idiot Boy.” The “Preface” to the second edition (1800) contains Wordsworth’s famous definition of poetry as the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” and his theory that poetry should be written in “the language really used by men.”

Q.100) Who wrote the following lines and about what?

“Wisdom and Spirit of the Universe! Thou Soul! That art the eternity of thought”

[1] Ben Jonson about god

[2] Wordsworth about nature

[3] Keats about beauty

[4] John Donne about love

Answer: Wordsworth about nature – Wisdom and Spirit of the universe! Thou Soul that art the Eternity of Thought! That giv’st to forms and images a breath And everlasting motion! not in vain, By day or star-light thus from my first dawn Of Childhood didst Thou intertwine for me The passions that build up our human Soul Here Wordsworth, looking back on his childhood experience, succumbs to the appeal of the idea that if nature has this capacity to ennoble human passions, this must point to some pre-established harmony between the natural and the human world, to the presence of the same ‘spirit’ or ‘soul’ in nature and in the human frame. In these lines the idea is formulated in the language of pantheism, and for Wordsworth himself that pantheism was increasingly transmuted into the espousal of orthodox Christianity.